Widespread ignorance, fear, and stereotypes cause people with disabilities to be unfairly discriminated against in society and in employment. There are many unfounded assumptions about the abilities and performance of job applicants and employees with disabilities. However, people with disabilities can demonstrate their ability and contribute equally alongside fellow workers if enterprises remove unfair, discriminatory barriers to their employment, and make reasonable accommodation for their needs.
Most common disabilities
Physical disability refers to damage to muscles, nerves, skin, or bones that leads to difficulties in moving about and in performing activities of daily living. Some examples of physical disabilities include cerebral palsy, quadriplegia, and post-polio paralysis.
Visual disability refers to people experiencing difficulty in sight. ‘Blind’ refers to the total loss of eyesight. Blind people might experience difficulty in moving around and knowing where things are, doing some activities of daily living, writing, reading, and following visual signs or commands. ‘Low vision’ or ‘visual disability’ is more accurate for people who have some degree of sight.
Hearing disability may be mild, severe, or total. Hearing aids can assist people who are hard of hearing to communicate easier with the hearing world. Interpreters are essential to break down communication barriers between the Deaf community and the hearing world.
Disabilities can be defined according to the impairment experienced by the individual. Click on the link below for more information on the different types of disabilities or browse the content in the e-Care portal for any other queries.